|Pop Artist Andy Warhol|
Warhol was born Andrew Warhola in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1928. In
1945 at the age of 17 he studied pictorial design at Carnegie Institute
of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in Pittsburgh. Upon graduation,
Warhol moved to New York where he found steady work as a commercial artist.
He worked as a successful and distinguished illustrator for several magazines
including Vogue, Harper's Bazaar and The New Yorker. He also did advertising
and window displays for several retail stores includeing Bonwit Teller
and I. Miller. Andy Warhols first assignment was for Glamour magazine
for an article titled "Success is a Job in New York."
In 1962, he began to experiment with silkscreening images onto painted canvas, a technique that allowed him to repeat a subject almost an infinite number of times. His series with Elvis Presley, Warren Beatty, Natalie Wood and other stars. In 1963, Warhol said in an interview that he wanted to work like a machine.
The start of the 1970s Warhol began publishing Interview magazine and renewed his focus on painting. Works created in this decade include Maos, Skulls, Hammer and Sickles, Torsos and Shadows and many commissioned portraits. Warhol also published The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (from A to B and Back Again). Firmly established as a major 20th-century artist and international celebrity, Warhol exhibited his work extensively in museums and galleries around the world.
He started the 1980s with the publication of POPism: The Warhol '60s and with exhibitions of Portraits of Jews of the Twentieth Century and the Retrospectives and Reversal series. He also created two cable television shows, Andy Warhol's TV (1982) and Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes for MTV (1986). He also engaged in a series of collaborations with younger artists, including Jean-Michel Basquiat, Francesco Clemente and Keith Haring.
routine gall bladder surgery, Andy Warhol died on the 22nd of February
1987. In 1989, the Museum of Modern Art in New York showed a major retrospective
of his works. Five years later, the Andy Warhol Museum opened in Pittsburgh,